Fieldwork 2020: Mudejar wood. Guide to historic carpentry in the towns of Territorio Mudéjar

The Mudejar Wood project presents an on-line video-publication as an exhaustive guide to all the manifestations of historic carpentry located in the towns of Territorio Mudéjar.

The research stay began with a visit to the twelve towns that have works of Mudejar carpentry: Torralba de Ribota, Tobed, Cervera de la Cañada, Maluenda, Mesones de Isuela, La Almunia, Calatayud, Daroca, Illueca, Aniñón, Alagón and Borja. In this first phase of fieldwork, each of the pieces was examined in depth by Ángel María Martín (Avila, 1963), a professional with more than 20 years of experience in the world of Spanish historical carpentry in the fields of restoration, new works and training.

In a second phase, explanatory videos were made on the technical and stylistic characteristics of the works and photographs were taken to illustrate the online publication. Later on, the edition was completed with documentation and research work in the bibliography and archives on the historical trajectory of each work, from its construction to the present day, including the different processes of restoration and conservation. Finally, a glossary of key terms in architecture and historical carpentry was compiled to make it easier to follow the explanations.

The aim of the stay and the resulting publication was to communicate and highlight the artistic manifestations in wood, authentic hidden gems of Aragonese Mudejar art. The data on Mudejar heritage has been updated and knowledge of the traditional techniques of Mudejar carpentry has been promoted from a structural, constructive and stylistic point of view, in each of the typologies analysed: alfarjes, a strapwork ceiling with a lima construction, two doors and a carillon.

The project closes with three reflections that we believe that are unquestionable:

  • Firstly, that despite the road travelled and the extraordinary achievements made in recent decades, there is still a need to continue with the task of disseminating and enhancing the value of Aragonese Mudejar heritage, contributing to its protection and conservation.
  • It is clear that, in rural areas, far from large population centres, it is increasingly difficult to learn about and value cultural heritage.
  • That wood was also, together with brick, ceramics and plaster, a material used in Aragonese Mudejar art and that this is demonstrated by the valuable samples of its application in a good number of towns in the Mudejar Territory.
LINE OF RESEARCH: (4) Communication and dissemination of Mudejar heritage

THE AUTHORS: The project team has been formed by Myriam Monterde and José Manuel Herraiz, as coordinators; Ángel María Martín, specialist in historical carpentry; Sara Gimeno as documenary maker and Emilio Gazo as technical assistant for video and photography.