The city of Daroca must be one of the most interesting Mudejar cities in Aragon. The town is officially a historical-artistic ensemble, and a stroll through its streets is like walking into a living museum from the Middle Ages, when it reached its maximum splendor.
With its ancient castle looking down from above, the city’s Mudejar roots are obvious. They are clearly seen by walking along its narrow, stepped streets on the slope of a hill, or by delighting in its towers, like that of the Santo Domingo de Silos church, built of stone and brick and representing one of the best examples of the transition between styles, or its churches, like the San Juan de la Cuesta church, in which the apse evidences the transition from the Romanesque to the Mudejar, or by discovering civil architectural jewels like the little-known Luna Palace, doubtless one of the most significant Aragonese Mudejar monuments.
Stronghold of the Upper March
Its position as a border land has defined the history of Daroca, which received its current name when the Arabs arrived in the second half of the 8th century.
At that time, the so-called Daruqa was established under the protection of the castle on the San Cristobal hill. In 1120, following the battle of Cutanda, Alfonso I the Battler conquered the city, which then became an important border town. This led the walled city to grow, eventually making it the largest such compound in Aragon with a length of more than four kilometers and more than one hundred towers punctuating the wall with monumental gates to the city.
One of the city’s attractions entails walking along the walls, with their imposing fortified towers, bound for the castle, which affords wonderful panoramic views.
Daroca would be incomplete without its imposing collegiate church of Santa Maria or the church of Nuestra Señora de los Corporales, where architecture, ornament and a magnificent collection of treasures are combined.
The building also sparks interest due to the fact that the relics of the Sacred Corporals, or altar cloths, are kept there, having formed part of a miracle that for centuries made Daroca a pilgrimage destination for Christians in a tradition that persists to this day.