Circular from
the country school

The “Circular from the rural school” project is a cooperation project between rural development groups led by the Asociación Territorio Mudéjar.

The following have participated in the project: ADRI Calatayud-Aranda, ADRI Jiloca-Gallocanta, FEDIVALCA -Valdejalón and Campo de Cariñena-, ASOMO Tarazona and el Moncayo, CEDEMAR -Bajo Aragón Caspe and Ribera Baja del Ebro-, ADRAE -Ribera Alta del Ebro- and ADEFO Cinco Villas.

The objective is to develop educational materials around the Mudejar identity of the towns, placing rural schools and the educational community of the towns as the center of the project.

Based on the work developed, for almost three years, the students of fifteen schools have designed a walk through their town in which we can learn about the main points of interest and their connection with the Mudejar culture.

Torrellas

The tour has been carried out following the work model of the schools that participated in the project and adapted to the town of Torrellas.

Torrellas is located at a crossroads between Aragón, La Rioja, Navarra and the province of Soria. During the tour of the town we immediately perceive the Muslim past, present in many corners of its urban layout such as the Moorish quarter and the Jewish quarter and in the Mudejar monuments that have survived to this day.

1. History of the town

The Muslim presence in Torrellas was quite important.. There was a large community that settled to develop the local economy, including carpenters, masons and other artisans. Inside the church of San Martín de Tours is the Traces of Islam Interpretation Center, which describes what life was like for the inhabitants of Torrellas in medieval times.

This point is linked to the didactic activity 1

2. Coexistence of cultures

The Christians allowed the Muslims, previous settlers, to stay in the territory, allowing them to maintain their religion and customs, but living separately, in neighborhoods (aljamas). In the case of Torrellas there was a large number of both Muslim and Jewish populations. The Jewish quarter was located in the vicinity of Calle Barrioverde, Calle Zocotroca, and Plaza de San Miguel.

This point is linked to the didactic activity 2

3. Landscape

It is located in the vicinity of Moncayo and its mountains, where we have an abundance of all kinds of raw materials. In addition, the Queiles River is located, where we find an abundance of water. All these elements allowed the development of certain economic activities, such as agriculture and crafts.

This point is linked to the didactic activity 4

4. Construction materials

The materials used by the Mudejars are materials that we can find in the environment. In this way, we will see how commonly used monuments and constructions are made with the same materials and construction techniques. In the case of the Granary, we find different construction techniques and traditional materials. Originally, it was the town’s castle, gradually being transformed until it became a barn.

This point is linked to the didactic activity 3

5. Mudejar architecture

The Torrellas tower rises next to the church, it was built in two phases during the 16th century. Its interior structure and its exterior decoration stand out, with which lights and shadows are generated, which made the monument change depending on the light. In the Torrellas tower we find stripes of decoration in staggered, zigzag, corners…

This point is linked to the didactic activity 7

6. Water and agriculture

The Arabs were pioneers in the introduction of irrigation techniques, such as ditches. In addition, in Torrellas is the Queiles River. Its basins articulate a landscape, which, together with its mountains, configures one of its main hallmarks.

This point is linked to the didactic activity 6

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