San Andrés church and tower, Calatayud
TYPE OF ASSET: Property
ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: Mudejar
CONSTRUCTION DATE: 12th-14th-16th centuries
What currently remains standing from the medieval Mudejar construction are the four bays at the west end of the three naves, the quadripartite rib vaults over them and the lower section of the octagonal bell tower, not including the belfry. Within this Mudejar part there are also two different phases, which occurred at very different moments in time: the first phase dates to around 1249, while the second must have taken place somewhere between 1410 and 1420.
It is likely that the original church of San Andrés had no vaults but rather a wood roof structure because the quadripartite rib vaults with round arches, which use unmolded bricks for the ribs, typical of the Mudejar architecture of that period, would have been too heavy for such thin walls and columns.
On the church of San Andrés, a beaded relief attached to the edges of the octagon has replaced the thick prismatic buttresses of the tower of the church of Santa María. The decorative elements are also different. Here, the apertures of the first belfry have been covered over with latticework to give a much more intimate, inward-looking appearance.
From 1990 to 1992, a number of interventions took place, including repairing the temple roofs, repairing the façade of the west end gable wall and, in the interior of the church, the wood flooring and carpentry were replaced, the stairway in the tower was demolished and the sacristy was restored.
The structural stabilization of the apse took place from 2004 to 2005. These activities were sponsored by the Government of Aragon, the Calatayud city council and the archbishopric of Tarazona. The investment made by the Government of Aragon amounted to 466,061 euros.
Projects and interventions
The church of San Andrés in Calatayud (Zaragoza) was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest under the Ministry of National Education’s Decree dated March 31, 1966, which was published the Official State Gazette of April 19, 1966.
The Official Gazette of Aragon (BOA) dated April 22, 2002 published the Department of Culture and Tourism Order of April 2, 2002, whereby the original declaration of the church of San Andrés in Calatayud (Zaragoza) is supplemented pursuant to Transitional Provision One of Aragonese Cultural Heritage Act 3/1999, of March 10.
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