Fieldwork 2020: Mudetrad, vernacular architecture itineraries in Mudejar villages

The project considers the importance of knowledge and valuation of the local traditional architecture in order to guarantee its protection. Its understanding and appreciation by users avoids its replacement by new buildings and encourages the development of activities aimed at its conservation. The projection of this architecture outside the municipality reinforces its appreciation by the local population and contributes to connecting territories with similar circumstances. For this preservation to take place in a compatible way, it is essential to offer owners alternative techniques to the use of generic industrial materials which, like hollow brick or cement, do not correspond to the nature and character of traditional buildings. In this sense, the work of local craftsmen who are familiar with traditional building techniques is key to bridging the gap between conservation theory and the day-to-day reality.

The work previously carried out in zone 1 has allowed for the extensive study of the construction techniques present in the local traditional architecture, the analysis of the intervention dynamics that affect it and the identification of craftsmen and construction professionals present in the area. The results have identified a number of needs and opportunities:

  • In general, there is a poor appreciation of traditional architecture and a general lack of knowledge of traditional building techniques. This often leads to the systematic elimination of historical elements and their replacement by industrialised solutions that are often hidden behind a stereotypical rustic finish.
  • At the start of projects, developers are often unaware of town planning regulations and current heritage legislation, as well as the architectural requirements established by the administration to obtain a certificate of occupancy in the case of housing or an opening licence in the case of businesses.
  • There are recurrent prejudices that prioritise replacement over repair and that claim that restoring a building is more expensive than renovating it. This belief has little basis in reality, as the higher unit cost of restoration work is usually compensated by a smaller volume of work.
Based on the research and diagnostic work carried out so far, this project aims to develop tools and implement a programme of training and awareness-raising actions to help address the identified needs. In doing so, it aims to meet the following general objectives:

  1. To contribute to the valuation of traditional architecture in the area of influence of Aragonese Mudejar art, fostering the perception of the construction techniques present as solvent and sustainable systems, and of the buildings constructed with them as a valuable cultural heritage that needs to be preserved and protected.
  2. To value the work of construction craftsmen and contribute to an increase in the demand for craft trades, in order to facilitate the survival of the local construction culture and encourage the use of traditional construction techniques in interventions in the vernacular heritage.
  3. To foster the conservation, restoration and compatible rehabilitation of traditional architecture and to promote the regeneration of the rural territory through its heritage, proposing alternative uses beyond the tourist sector and offering tools that allow for the development of interventions that are compatible and respectful of the local cultural identity.
Based on these general objectives, it is possible to propose a series of specific objectives that this work aims to achieve:

  1. To help promoters to improve the compatibility of interventions in traditional architecture, developing accessible and user-friendly tools and offering personalised technical advice.
  2. Encourage the supply and demand of traditional trades, making the virtues and the real cost of these techniques visible and contributing to the formation of a professional network of territorial scope. Vernacular architecture in the Mudejar villages in the south of Zaragoza: Tools and networks for adaptive reuse and compatible intervention.
  3. To improve local communities’ knowledge of the traditional architecture of the area and reduce the perception of its conservation as wasteful. This objective will be developed through direct and indirect actions of dissemination and social participation.
  4. To project the vernacular heritage of the region and generate connections with other territories, making this traditional architecture visible and sharing experiences and resources with regions facing similar problems.
LINE OF RESEARCH: Territorio Mudéjar and cultural landscape; cultural heritage management.

THE AUTHORS: F. Javier Gómez Patrocinio Laura Villacampa Crespo

RULES OF THE CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: Fieldwork grants and projects 2021

3rd Call for applications Gonzalo M. Borrás Gualis fieldwork grants and projects

Territorio Mudéjar announces the third edition of the Gonzalo M. Borrás Gualis fieldwork grants and projects aimed at directly supporting the work of researchers and project promoters who want to work on the development of villages through the responsible and sustainable use of cultural and natural heritage resources.

Territorio Mudéjar is an association of town councils, currently thirty-six member councils and one collaborating partner, whose objective is to consolidate a unified and collaborative management network for the use of the historical-artistic resources linked to the important Mudejar heritage, understanding them as an engine for the development of the villages and as an element of identity for the maintenance of the communities that make up our territory.

Our programme of actions for the coming years has been designed in accordance with the strategic lines defined by the “Roadmap of the Council of the European Union 2019-2022” (Plan de trabajo del Consejo de la Unión Europea 2019-2022) which, aligned with the objectives of the 2030 Agenda, have as their guiding principle that “the cultural identity of the territories will contribute to sustainable social and economic development by differentiating markets and in turn allowing their integration into a diversified economy that can ensure their future success”.

The projects carried out in 2020 have consolidated one of our most important lines of work based on the development of actions that strengthen the retention and attraction of talent, actions aimed at the construction of highly qualified professional networks linked to the use of historical-artistic and cultural resources, contributing to medium and long-term territorial development.

Dedicated to Professor Gonzalo M. Borrás Gualis, a strong advocate of the management of the heritage of Aragon and the territory, as an action of the people and as an innovative field of work full of future. His work exemplified with perfect coherence the possibility of combining research work of high scientific impact with a commitment to the land and its people, not only favouring the knowledge, conservation and dissemination of its historical and artistic heritage, but also modernising work processes and proposing innovative projects in which natural, cultural and heritage resources are a key element in the future of the villages.

Rules

1/ Purpose and scope

The purpose of this call for proposals is to award FIVE GRANTS and ONE ACCESIT to researchers and professionals in the management of cultural and natural heritage for the development of a research or territorial project with a highly innovative character within one of the fields of activity or area of work specified below.

Proposals may address zero or preparatory phases, development phases or piloting and testing phases of ongoing projects.

Proposals must include as a fundamental part of their development a justified physical stay in one or more of the localities of Territorio Mudéjar. The projects presented must demonstrate direct impact on at least three partner localities of Territorio Mudéjar and provide evidence of influence of this impact on the rest of the territory.

Objectives:
  • To favour the knowledge of the rural territory based on its Mudejar identity through innovative approaches whose main aim is to have a positive impact on the villages.
  • To encourage projects with a high territorial impact developed from the experience of the habitability of the villages.
  • To help in the creation and implementation of a working network with a common vision of the possibilities of heritage, cultural and natural resources that helps to strengthen the rest of the sectors through interdisciplinary and collaborative work.
  • To create mechanisms for social participation in the field of heritage resource management from a territorial perspective.
  Specific objectives:
  • To promote knowledge of heritage resources in order to favour the implementation of projects, contribute to better protection and favour the conservation of the Mudejar heritage of the villages.
  • To contribute to a better knowledge of UNESCO World Heritage and the benefits it brings to the territory as an international brand.
  • To give special support to projects that refer to the previous sections and that include two or more towns of Territorio Mudéjar.
  • Support projects that serve as a framework for action for a wide range of sites or assets, or that propose solutions and formulas that contribute to improving the sustainability and management capacities of Mudejar Heritage in general.
  • Support projects that help to promote the social function of cultural heritage.

The areas covered by the call are the following:

AREA 1. New perspectives on Mudejar art:
– Updating of data and knowledge on Mudejar heritage in all its diversity: Monumental, urban, ethnographic, linguistic, agrarian, hydraulic, geography, materials, processes, etc.
– Technical languages applied to the Mudejar: planimetry, photogrammetry and Mudejar 3D.
– Geolocation, cartography and maps.
– Any subject that allows to broaden the scientific base on Mudejar art.

AREA 2. Territorio Mudéjar-Cultural Landscape
– Heritage resources and people’s actions
– Natural and social contexts
– Interactions between landscape and monumentality

AREA 3. Cultural heritage management:
– New models of use beyond the classical concept of “tourist or recreational use”.
– Physical, economical and intellectual accessibility studies
– Future models for conservation or intervention.

AREA 4. Communication and dissemination of Mudejar heritage
– Mudejar heritage and the media
– New media discourses
– Interpretation and ways of accessibility to knowledge of Mudejar heritage.

AREA 5. Mudejar heritage and its social function as a key element of territorial development
– The emotional bond as a key element for the care, protection and management of heritage.
– Population contexts: The value of intergenerational experience.
– Social participation in the appreciation, exchange and collective construction of knowledge and new forms of learning.
The procedure for awarding grants will be processed on a competitive basis according to the assessment criteria established in the call for applications and, in accordance with Article 22.1 of Law 38/2003, of 17 November, the General Law on Subsidies.

2/ Applicants

Proposals may be submitted by natural persons and groups of natural persons without legal personality who meet all the requirements of this call for proposals.

The applicant (or group of applicants) may be at an initial or intermediate stage of their research career or professional activity and must provide proof of the following:

  • Higher education related to the areas covered by the call for proposals.
  • Master’s degree in Cultural Heritage Management, or related to one of the proposed areas of work, or documentary evidence of a minimum of two years of research or professional career -remunerated or not-.
Legal entities of any type: companies, associations, joint ownerships or groups under any other type of legal associative formula are not eligible to apply.

When the project is presented by two or more persons, the formula will be called “team” and each member of the team must be accredited individually.

If the project submitted is part of a research project linked to a university, public research centre or private (non-profit) centre, this must be indicated in the project report.

The acceptance of the project and the development of the stay is compatible with other professional activities as long as the mode of compatibility is specified and justified in the project report.

The project submitted may have other sources of funding as long as they are complementary and are specified in the project report. Total income may never exceed the project development costs.

3/ Requirements

Bachelor’s, Graduate’s or Architect’s degree or equivalent.
  • Master’s degree in specialised heritage and/or in the various related areas or accredit a minimum of two years of research experience and/or professional career in the field in which the proposal is developed (whether remunerated or not).
  • Be up to date with their tax and social security obligations, as well as accrediting compliance with obligations due to the reimbursement of subsidies.
  • Not be affected by any of the causes established in art. 13 of the LGS.

4/ Deadline for submission

The deadline for submission of applications is MONDAY, 12 July 2021. Proposals sent by e-mail will be accepted until 23.59 hours (Spanish peninsular time).

If the application contains errors that can be corrected, the organisation will inform the applicant so that, within three days from the date of communication, the correction can be made as an essential condition for the application to be taken into account in the evaluation process.

5/ Characteristics and conditions

Period: The schedule of projects and stays may be carried out until 24 December 2021. The project completion report must be submitted by 29 December 2021 at the latest.

Duration: Proposals must be developed within a minimum period of THREE months and a maximum of FIVE months.

Funding: Projects will have a maximum financial allocation of €6,000.00 (in the case of the accesit the maximum financial allocation will be €4,000.00) which must be justified in the project report according to the expenses indicated in the following section.

Expenses attributable to the grant: The budget must identify the concepts subject to and deriving directly from the needs of the project – for example: expenses derived from the development of the work, materials, travel, meals, accommodation, others – including, if applicable, the corresponding taxes.

In the event that the project has other sources of funding, the following must be specified: Entity, duration, actions financed (object and content) and to which part of the project it is addressed.

Compatibility: The development of the stay is compatible with other work, professional or research activities justified to the organising entity. The project must indicate the degree of compatibility and the method of work to be carried out in order to avoid overlapping and non-compliance with the conditions indicated in this call.

Number of calls: Beneficiaries may not obtain full grants in more than two consecutive calls for the same project. Therefore, resident researchers who have been beneficiaries in the last two calls will not be eligible to apply for the call and will be excluded if they do so.

** Exceptionally, researchers who have not exceeded the amount of €12,000.00 in two consecutive calls may be considered as beneficiaries if they have been awarded an accesit in previous years’ calls.

Other: Beneficiaries will be included in the entity’s civil liability insurance.

The beneficiaries will not establish any type of employment relationship with the organisation.

All grants will be subject to the withholdings and taxes stipulated by the legislation in force, which will be deducted from the corresponding economic funding.

6/ Applications

Applications must be sent to the association Territorio Mudéjar in digital format to the following e-mail address: info@territoriomudejar.es

  1. Application – Basic identification data of the applicant and the project-.
  2. Copy of ID card.
  3. Summary of the applicant/s professional career (max. 2,000 characters).
  4. Summary of the project/proposal (max. 2.000 characters)
  5. Abbreviated academic and professional curriculum vitae (max. 5 pages)
  6. Five developed projects that, in the applicant’s opinion, are relevant as a starting point for the proposal (Synthesis of each project of a max. 2.000 characters)
  7. Report of the project to be carried out, including (max. 5 pages): Title; Background and current state of the subject; Hypothesis, methodology, work plan and timetable; Description of the specific objectives of the project; Towns directly and indirectly affected by the proposal; Town or towns proposed for stay and expected length of stay; Detailed budget for the research, which will refer to the amount requested.
  8. Optionally, a letter of recommendation from a relevant person in the field of the proposed work may be provided.
  9. In the case of teams, both the application and the award decision must expressly state the implementation commitments assumed by each member of the team, as well as the amount of the grant to be applied by each of them, who will also be considered as beneficiaries. A sole representative or proxy of the grouping must be appointed, with sufficient powers to fulfil the obligations which, as beneficiary, correspond to the grouping. The team will undertake not to dissolve the grouping until the period of limitation stipulated in Articles 39 and 65 of Law 38/2003 of 17 November has elapsed.

7/ Selection process and criteria

The project selection process will be carried out on the basis of the evaluations of the Scientific Committee and the entity’s management team, which will draw up a ranking according to the following criteria:

  • Curricular profile, training and previous accomplishments of the applicant: 15%. The orientation of the curricular profile in relation to the area of work chosen by the applicant will be assessed.
  • Quality of the project and innovative nature of the proposal: 35%. The project will be valued for being well thought out and presented in a rigorous and detailed manner. The framework of objectives/actions/resources/budget must be well planned. The calendar must be realistic. The project should provide for its evaluation and future viability.
  • Area of impact / no. of localities involved: 35%. The way in which the project acts on the territory will be assessed. It may be a present or future direct impact, but in any case it will be an indispensable requirement. It will be highly valued to foresee a realistic impact without falling into the tendentious and mediatic.
  • Complementary activities involving the local population: 15%. Planning an activity that involves the local population in the development of the project will be valued. Involvement does not necessarily have to be through a cultural activity. The introduction of activities that have an unconventional cultural impact will be valued.

8/ Evaluation and decision

The decision will be communicated as of Monday 19 July 2021.

The call may be declared totally or partially void and the decision of the commissions shall be final.

Once the call for applications has been resolved, the list of beneficiaries and the composition of the evaluation committee will be published on the website of the association Territorio Mudéjar www.territoriomudejar.es.

Under no circumstances will individualised information be provided on the applications received or on the deliberations of the evaluation committee.

9/ Formalisation, justification and payment of the grants


Formalization: Beneficiaries must sign before the start date of their project, according to the calendar, and at the latest before 1 August 2021, the acceptance commitment that will act as an indispensable document for the receipt of the aid. Once the acceptance document has been signed, they must join the project on the date indicated in the calendar.

Payment: Payment of the grant will be made in three instalments: 40% at the start, once the acceptance commitment has been signed; 40% halfway through the project; and the remaining 20% upon submission of the final project report. These conditions will be general to all beneficiaries unless, exceptionally, the project report justifies the need for a different financial distribution over time.

Justification and presentation of results: Beneficiaries will be obliged to justify compliance with the requirements and conditions established in this call for proposals by means of: A mid-term report halfway through the stay that allows the progress of the project to be evaluated. A final report of the project in digital format describing objectives, fulfilment of aims and results; and an economic report justifying the cost of the activities carried out.

Financial control: The mid-term report must include a review of the estimated budget, either confirming its continuity or proposing the necessary adjustments, provided they are justified.

The final report shall include a detailed financial report as follows:
  • A list of expenses incurred indicating creditor, amount, date of issue and payment. As the project includes a budget estimating the list of expenses, it shall be classified according to the items of the subsidised project or activity. Where applicable, any deviations that may have occurred in the development of the project must be justified.
  • Proof of payment: Invoices, tickets or accrediting documents and proof of payment. If the payment has been made in cash, this must be indicated in the expense document with the concept correctly specified.
  • The justification of fees will be made by sworn statement and will be detailed in the report according to the results developed, specifying the working hours assigned to the actions carried out.
  • The justification of mileage expenses shall be made by means of a sworn declaration and a detail shall be included in the report according to the results developed, specifying the journeys made and assigned to specific actions.

Non-compliance: The grants will be cancelled and the amounts received will be refunded when the conditions established in these rules are not met and in general in the cases established in accordance with article 37 of the General Law on Subsidies.

10/ Dissemination of the Project’s results


The association Territorio Mudéjar may request the collaboration of the beneficiaries of the grants in activities for the dissemination of the projects. To this end, the beneficiary shall provide the association Territorio Mudéjar with all the information and documentation required and shall provide the latter, free of charge, with the appropriate rights for the dissemination of the results.

Beneficiaries must mention on materials or results the source of the grant by means of the phrase “Project carried out with funding from Territorio Mudéjar through the call for applications Estancias Gonzalo M. Borrás Gualis 2021” and include the organisation’s logo whenever possible.

On the other hand, the association Territorio Mudéjar will always identify the authorship of the projects.

11/ Acceptance of the rules

Participation in this call for applications implies acceptance of its rules and its decision, which shall be final, as well as the waiver of any type of claim.

Exceptionally and for duly justified reasons, the association Territorio Mudéjar reserves the right to interpret and modify the wording of the rules in order to clarify or specify their content, without this implying a substantial or arbitrary alteration of the same.

For any queries, applicants may contact the association Territorio Mudéjar by e-mail at info@territoriomudejar.es

Fieldwork 2020: Mudejar plaster, an element of identity, knowledge and future opportunities

The project Mudejar plaster, an element of identity, knowledge and future opportunities has had a wide-ranging journey with the aim of facilitating knowledge for a compatible intervention in the traditional architecture of Mudejar villages.

The objectives have been, on the one hand, to disseminate the true role of plaster in traditional Aragonese architecture, carrying out a study and quantification of the construction systems and techniques carried out with traditional plaster in the villages of the Mudejar territory, both in popular architecture and in monumental architecture. And secondly, to study the composition of a plaster that can be manufactured nowadays and that preserves the legacy received, allowing the reactivation of some of the quarries studied and fixing the population in the rural environment, for its reintroduction in contemporary architecture or for restoration and rehabilitation; including the analysis of its economic, social and sustainable viability, returning it to some of the uses it had in the past.

The municipalities that took part in this study were Aniñón, Borja, Calatayud, Daroca, Fuentes de Ebro, La Almunia de Doña Godina, Maluenda, Quinto de Ebro, Ricla, San Mateo de Gállego, Tauste, Terrer, Tobed, Villa de Jiloca, Villafeliche, Villamayor de Gállego and Zuera.

During the study of these municipalities, we have identified the construction typologies executed with traditional plaster in old and recent constructions,
locating major aspects that coincide between the municipalities in the versatility of the use of plaster, both in interior cladding, façade applications, exterior decorations, flooring and structural elements until the great change that construction underwent between 1950-1970 with the arrival of modern materials, relegating traditional materials to oblivion.

Mineralogical studies of Mudéjar plaster have revealed the presence of hydraulic phases in Mudéjar plaster (which was fired at very high temperatures), making these plasters much more resistant to stress than modern plasters, which are fired at very low temperatures.

With this contribution of knowledge about this traditional material, the importance of preserving the legacy and knowledge of making Mudejar plaster, a process that remained unchanged until the mid-20th century when the link of knowledge passed down and refined over many generations was broken.

LINE OF RESEARCH: New perspectives.

THE AUTHORS:

Project coordinator: Pedro Bel Anzué. Environmental Architecture.

Main researchers: Marta Monzón Chavarrías (University of Zaragoza), Kerstin Elert (University of Granada), José Manuel López Osorio (University of Malaga), David Sanz Arauz (Polytechnic University of Madrid).

Advisors linked to the project: Ramón Rubio Domene (Alhambra, Granada) and Antonio Almagro Gorbea (School of Arabian Studies-CSIC).

Fieldwork 2020: Mudejar heritage and agricultural calendar: landscape poetics. Design and programming of pilot experiences for carrying out visits during the seasons of the year.

The project Mudejar heritage and agricultural calendar aims to complement the current cultural programming in the territory through the design, creation and evaluation of events in which it takes on special importance. In this way, it allows not only direct contact with it for those who visit it, but also the interpretation of the agricultural landscape as an irreplaceable part of its identity. This also makes it possible to involve the local communities by highlighting the work on the land and the traditional agricultural product. With Aragonese Mudejar art as the common thread and the agricultural landscape and traditional agricultural activities as the thematic criterion for the interventions, the agricultural calendar is the backbone that allows the activities to be developed in an orderly manner and with a reasoned criterion.

In this first phase, the project has focused on diagnosing needs and interpreting the area of work with a methodology that includes participant observation to identify the linking possibilities and the spatial and temporal articulation between the agrarian and architectural heritage assets and the agrarian calendar. This has made it possible – conditioned by the pandemic that has restricted mobility and access to certain towns at specific times when it was sometimes imperative due to the agricultural calendar (flowering, harvesting, etc.) – to know and understand the possible variables of action depending on the areas worked on.

These areas, which are unique due to their differences in cultivation and the resulting landscape within the territory, have so far been determined in a remarkable way with regard to the valleys that make up Territorio Mudéjar by means of fieldwork trips and the elaboration of materials in situ in the Jalón
valley (Ricla, La Almunia de Doña Godina and Cabañas), the Ribota valley (Aniñón, Torralba de Ribota and Cervera de Cañada) and the Huerva valley (Villalba de Huerva, Aniñón, Torralba de Ribota and Cervera de Cañada), La Almunia de Doña Godina and Cabañas), the Ribota valley (Aniñón, Torralba de Ribota and Cervera de la Cañada) and the Huerva valley (Villar de los Navarros and Romanos). Finally, mention should be made of the Jalón-Jiloca valley with the towns of Maluenda, Morata de Jiloca and Villafeliche. Another of the analysed spaces, in this case from an exclusively documentary perspective as a way of partially resolving the shortcomings caused by the interruptions in the fieldwork mentioned above, was the Huerva Valley. In this way, the towns of Cosuenda and Longares were the main object of the bibliographic data collection.

On the basis of this work and the adjustment of future work, especially organised with a view to resolving possible mobility restrictions, the actions aimed at testing and evaluating the first en route projects planned, which are aimed at promoting public access, interpretation and enjoyment of the Mudejar cultural landscape, made up of values such as its architecture, the different areas of agricultural production and the seasonal processes inherent to human activity in them, will be derived from this work. Likewise, the dissemination through Territorio Mudéjar, aimed at a better understanding of the importance of the agricultural landscape as an asset and part of the community, has been rethought from the perspective of anticipation in order to achieve a greater presence in the networks than has been achieved so far due to the current socio-sanitary circumstances.

LINE OF RESEARCH: can be framed within the double line of research Territorio Mudéjar and cultural landscape and the management of cultural heritage.

THE AUTHORS:

  • Juan Ignacio Santos Rodríguez, coordinator of the project, has a PhD in Art
    History and is a specialist in cultural management.
  • Elvira del Pilar Domínguez Castro has a degree in Art History and is an
    independent cultural manager.

Fieldwork 2020: New models of cultural management and financing for restoration projects of Mudejar civil-monumental buildings in the province of Zaragoza

Taking as a starting point the previous research work of this team, Study of Mudejar civil architecture in the regions of Borja, Aranda, Calatayud and Daroca and its efficient management, this new research project, entitled New models of Cultural Management and Financing for restoration projects of Mudejar civilmonumental buildings in the province of Zaragoza, seeks to expand on what has already been studied and develop a preliminary project focused on the practical part.

The core of the work has focused on the palace-house of the Luna family of Daroca, a Mudejar civil building in which Don Pedro de Luna, better known as “Papa Luna”, lived. This building is now in disuse. This research seeks a functional solution for this building that justifies its restoration, respecting its original structure and distribution as much as possible, extending its use over time and allowing it to be a self-sufficient, self-financing and useful building.

After the work of study, research, fieldwork, various proposals and meetings with the Campo de Daroca Foundation (owner of most of the building), the Daroca Town Council and the architect-surveyor Javier Ibargüen, the proposal to convert this emblematic building into the new archive-library of the regional capital was accepted. With this decision, the objectives of conservation, utility and self-sufficiency are achieved. The original structure and layout would be maintained, as the available space was more than sufficient. Cultural goals would be promoted that would serve as an attraction for the region and, in addition, employment would be created, as cultural activities would be developed in this same centre.

In order to carry out this mission, a working methodology has been developed that addresses it in several phases:

  1. Study of the building and development of a master plan to check the needs of the building for its restoration and adaptation to the management project decided to be carried out on it. This work was done in collaboration with the architect Javier Ibargüen, and on the basis of the previous studies he had already carried out on the palace.
  2. A study of the possibilities that the building offered for its second life, trying to respect as much as possible its original structure and layout. The study was carried out in collaboration with the Campo de Daroca Foundation and the local town council. In order to make the best possible decision, the management of this use and the benefits that would be obtained through it were assessed.
  3. Development of the final draft project and calculation of the budget for the work, for which a search for different sources of funding would be sought.
  4. Finally, with the support that would back the project (public and/or private entities), workers would be hired to carry out the restoration work and the tasks required by the new function of the building.

The work objectives were always two: the study of the building and its architectural characteristics and the search for appropriate uses, linked to the historical-cultural interest, and its good management, always pointing out selfsufficiency and self-financing as the main aims, as well as its continued use over time, trying to respect the original structure and layout.

LINE OF RESEARCH: (3) Cultural heritage management.

THE AUTHORS:

  • Marta López Veamonte, art historian.
  • Ricardo Monreal Lafuente, art historian.

Fieldwork 2020: Walls Loqui. Walls speak. Podcast to give voice to the territory

The fieldwork grant Walls Loqui. Walls speak. Podcast to give voice to the territory has proposed the creation of a communication project of the Mudejar territory through a series of thematic podcasts that strengthen, encourage and complement the visit to the territory.

The starting hypothesis was that the combination of the unstoppable and undeniable use of mobile technologies with the current health situation meant that some towns were moving towards a more autonomous and spaced-out tourism, both in terms of physical distance and time, so a priori this methodology seemed to be the right one to be able to serve the traveller at any time of the day and, above all, any day of the week.

These podcasts are in no way intended to replace the experience of a guided tour in situ by a specialist, but given that these are generally limited to the main monuments, the aim is to complete it and enrich both the prior preparation and the subsequent experience, proposing a series of routes through the territory and additional information about the towns and possible activities to be carried out in them or in other nearby towns.

To this end, a first phase of research has been carried out, in collaboration with the internship students of the Challenge Programme, in which four possible central themes have been identified in order to structure the first podcasts, which have also served as a pilot for the project.

    1. The birth of the Mudejar
    2. The keys to the Mudejar
    3. Mestizo Land and borderland
    4. World Heritage
The idea has been to develop the podcast channel with these three objectives in mind:
 
  • As an enhancer of “derived” visits. In other words, through this medium,towns that receive fewer visitors can acquire greater visibility by offering themselves as a complement to visits to other towns that nowadays have a more developed tourist infrastructure.
  • As a complement to other visits already being carried out in the same town and the effectiveness of which has been proven. To be able to work along the lines of complementarity within the same town and increase the number of places visited and the time spent in the towns.
  • Proposing routes between nearby towns, thus creating a network between places with similar communication needs that can benefit synergistically.
In the trial and correction phase during its implementation, an active collaboration of the inhabitants of the territory was foreseen, but the current health situation has led to change part of this work to online formats, leaving some activities pending that will be carried out as soon as the situation allows it.

The main objective has been that this research work and its subsequent implementation, available both through the Territorio Mudéjar website and through different commercial channels, should serve not only to activate this specific initiative, but also to create guidelines that, based on the previous research, the pilot implementation and its start-up, testing, corrections, etc. (which are a fundamental phase of this stay), constitute a reference both in terms of content and at a technical level that can be used in the rest of the towns in the territory. The objective is to strengthen this communication system which, at the moment, seems to be a possible way of developing sustainable tourism with possibilities for the future.

In this sense, a technical guide has been produced that explains everything from how to convert audio files and add metadata to the podcasts to facilitate their location in the different repositories, through an analysis of the commercial platforms available on the market to the creation of guidelines for the style of the texts, duration and architecture of the contents, to allow for their adequate voice-over, dissemination and comprehension.

LINE OF RESEARCH: It corresponds to the lines of cultural heritage management, communication and dissemination.

THE AUTHORS:
  • Gianluca Vita, Polytechnic of Milan.
  • Irene Ruiz, Polytechnic of Turin and University of Zaragoza.
  • Marco Marcellini, expert in new technologies.

Fieldwork 2020: Mudejar wood. Guide to historic carpentry in the towns of Territorio Mudéjar

The Mudejar Wood project presents an on-line video-publication as an exhaustive guide to all the manifestations of historic carpentry located in the towns of Territorio Mudéjar.

The research stay began with a visit to the twelve towns that have works of Mudejar carpentry: Torralba de Ribota, Tobed, Cervera de la Cañada, Maluenda, Mesones de Isuela, La Almunia, Calatayud, Daroca, Illueca, Aniñón, Alagón and Borja. In this first phase of fieldwork, each of the pieces was examined in depth by Ángel María Martín (Avila, 1963), a professional with more than 20 years of experience in the world of Spanish historical carpentry in the fields of restoration, new works and training.

In a second phase, explanatory videos were made on the technical and stylistic characteristics of the works and photographs were taken to illustrate the online publication. Later on, the edition was completed with documentation and research work in the bibliography and archives on the historical trajectory of each work, from its construction to the present day, including the different processes of restoration and conservation. Finally, a glossary of key terms in architecture and historical carpentry was compiled to make it easier to follow the explanations.

The aim of the stay and the resulting publication was to communicate and highlight the artistic manifestations in wood, authentic hidden gems of Aragonese Mudejar art. The data on Mudejar heritage has been updated and knowledge of the traditional techniques of Mudejar carpentry has been promoted from a structural, constructive and stylistic point of view, in each of the typologies analysed: alfarjes, a strapwork ceiling with a lima construction, two doors and a carillon.

The project closes with three reflections that we believe that are unquestionable:

  • Firstly, that despite the road travelled and the extraordinary achievements made in recent decades, there is still a need to continue with the task of disseminating and enhancing the value of Aragonese Mudejar heritage, contributing to its protection and conservation.
  • It is clear that, in rural areas, far from large population centres, it is increasingly difficult to learn about and value cultural heritage.
  • That wood was also, together with brick, ceramics and plaster, a material used in Aragonese Mudejar art and that this is demonstrated by the valuable samples of its application in a good number of towns in the Mudejar Territory.
LINE OF RESEARCH: (4) Communication and dissemination of Mudejar heritage

THE AUTHORS: The project team has been formed by Myriam Monterde and José Manuel Herraiz, as coordinators; Ángel María Martín, specialist in historical carpentry; Sara Gimeno as documenary maker and Emilio Gazo as technical assistant for video and photography.

2021 Fieldwork: Scenic Mudejar

Scenic Mudejar.
Exploring stage culture in medieval times: music, dance and minstrelsy

This study has focused on defining strategies in the territory that promote Mudejar identity and reinforce its professional networks through research, creation and artistic dissemination in the field of musical and performing arts. It has also designed actions that will enable the programming of future stage arts events in the region. The project is based on a concept of heritage that encompasses traditions, customs and other artistic expressions that are part of the collective memory.

The project is based on the idea that the performing arts – arts of time and space, of memory and celebration – have the potential to link the past with the present, to develop the contemporary imaginary of a territory and, at the same time, to nurture myths, figures and motifs of local tradition.
Their contribution to local, economic and sustainable development has been studied in the following aspects:

  • Economic profit, derived from greater territorial appeal (the entire cultural sector) and the innovative impulse (the creative industries);
  • Reinforcement of social cohesion, through expressive forms in line with the cultural diversity of the population;
  • Education and awareness-raising of the population on social and environmental issues (e.g., sustainability and nature preservation), through the performing arts in all their creative forms;
  • Control and reduction of their ecological footprint.
The study has been based on fieldwork and on the examination of a vast amount of archival and bibliographical material on Mudéjar scenic arts in order to outline four operational objectives:

  1. To examine, in the local history of three villages of Territorio Mudéjar, the events that could give rise to a commemorative project of a scenic nature;
  2. To highlight, in the tangible local heritage of these three villages, the material elements that could serve as the setting for a musical, theatrical, choreographic or hybrid programme with reference to Andalusi and Mudejar culture;
  3. To examine, in the intangible local heritage of these three villages, the material elements that can be related to the prevalence of Andalusi culture, with a view to proposing their recovery or revitalisation;
  4. To detect, in the local political, educational and cultural network, the dynamics and difficulties that need to be taken into account in order to propose performing arts projects in relation to the “Mudejar identity” of these three villages.
From the analysis carried out, a series of conclusions have been drawn on the aspects in which the Andalusi culture is manifested in Mudejar scenic art, taking as a reference the data obtained from Islamic and Andalusi sources and those obtained afterwards in the context of the Mudejar and Morisco minority.

The research proposes that Mudejar scenic art should be recognised as a category within the history of the performing arts and that there should be no difference between the scenic activity carried out by Mudejars and Moriscos.

The fieldwork stay concludes with the presentation of a detailed bibliography and iconography of the performing arts linked to Territorio Mudéjar, as well as the proposal of some solutions that propose a tangential and mixed repertoire, a symbiosis between the medieval and the contemporary as a way of highlighting this lost but not irrecoverable tradition and to commit to new techniques to develop new projects related to Mudejar scenic art. The aim is to enrich management possibilities for the use of Territorio Mudéjar’s heritage spaces.
LINE OF RESEARCH: Social function

THE AUTHORS: María Amor Borque and Serge Dambrine

2021 Fieldwork: The Mudejar and Euclidean geometry or plane geometry.

The Mudejar and Euclidean geometry or plane geometry

This fieldwork stay deals with the plastic study of the Aragonese Mudejar in the area of the Mudejar Territory and, by extension, in the province of Zaragoza. The project has made it possible to collect and study Mudejar layouts, studying them in depth and with geometric rigour. It has also established similarities between them or with others outside the working area.

In total, around 50 graphic works have been produced, combining diverse technical exercises in strapwork and plasterwork with interior and exterior architectural views. The result is a graphic archive never before developed which allows Territorio Mudéjar to have a collection of Mudejar images for subsequent publications.

The project The Mudejar and Euclidean geometry or plane geometry is fundamental in order to compile the visual richness present in this artistic manifestation declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site which is unique in the world.

The working methodology has focused on the analysis of photographs, from which measurements and execution systems have been calculated. Linking points, centres, sets of parallels and patterns have been gathered. Also, an attempt was made to recover the geometric solutions used by the Mudejar masters and their sources of inspiration.
The objectives of the project were the following:

  • To study the use of plane geometry in Aragonese Mudejar solutions.
  • To interrelate these solutions between different architectural buildings.
  • To address the existing gap in the constructive and compilation study of the different strapwork and plasterwork techniques.
  • To boost knowledge of the visual richness of Mudejar art.
  • To bring together a collection of artistic creations that will serve Territorio Mudéjar have its own archive.
The rich graphic work created during this stay studies geometric motifs from the church of Santa María de Tobed, the church of Saints Justa and Rufina and the church of Santa María de Maluenda, the church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción in Utebo, the church of San Martín de Tours in Morata de Jiloca, the church of Santa Tecla in Cervera de la Cañada, the church of San Félix in Torralba de Ribota, the collegiate church of Santa María and the churches of San Andrés and San Benito in Calatayud, the palace of the Luna family in Daroca, and the church of Nuestra Señora del Castillo in Aniñón, and relates them to others in the province, the peninsula and the Middle East.
The results, plastic art objects in themselves, will be the subject of different exhibition projects and special editions over the coming months.
LINE OF RESEARCH: New perspectives on Mudejar art.

THE AUTHOR: Chema Agustín.

2021 Fieldwork: Educational Mudejar, the guide.

Educational Mudejar, the guide.

This fieldwork stay has focused on the creation of educational material for primary and secondary school students, in order to make interpretation of the Mudejar easier through a combination of illustrations and real images, as well as to help understand the value of this rich legacy. This teaching resource will be available on the Territorio Mudéjar website, will be accessible through all types of devices and will have an attractive, visual and dynamic presentation. The online publication will be complemented with routes based on maps and with games adapted to the students’ level and linked to the work carried out in the project “Circular desde la escuela rural”. This tool can be used both in the classroom context and at home.
The development of the online didactic guide that summarises the results of the fieldwork stay was carried out through the following phases:
Development of the script and documentation: “Educational Mudejar”.

  • Documentation, development of the idea, script, text writing, creativity with historical-artistic introductions.
  • Design and realisation of different resources and educational materials to adapt them to editorial production.
  • Structure and planning of illustrations as well as trips in order to elaborate the map and the route with photographs and illustrations.

Selection of towns in order to contextualise the educational guide, in the form of a map to explore the towns of Territorio Mudéjar.

  • Taking photographs to mix illustrations and real images in order to help the youngest students to better visualise the contents and understand them. In this sense, the blend of reality and illustration is a basic resource.
  • Photographs for the map and the route.
Illustrations: DAVID GUIRAO:

  • Illustrations and storyboard.
  • Digital retouching and adaptation of illustrations to the right size and format for the production.

Production and execution of the online publication:

  • Search and selection of still images. Includes photographic retouching of images and photomontages.
  • Design and layout of an interactive pdf with a map/plan including routes that are accessible for families and for educational purposes.
  • Motion graphics. Creation of motion graphics (maps, layered photographs, titles, texts).
The result will be available through a link on this webpage after its presentation on June 1, 2022.
LINE OF RESEARCH: Communication and dissemination.

THE AUTHORS: Myriam Monterde, Elisa Plana, José Manuel Herráiz and David Guirao.